If you have vaginal or oral sex, you're not likely to get hepatitis C. But you're more likely to get it if you have anal sex without a condom. This is because the anus lining is very thin, so the virus can get into your blood.

You may also be more likely to get hepatitis C if you: 

  • engage in fisting
  • have sex while you or your partner is on their period
  • have sex and have cuts or sores near your genital area
  • engage in rough sex practices that could lead to bleeding
  • share sex toys that are not clean
  • have sex while using drugs through a needle or snorted
  • share lube pots that could transfer blood.

The amount of blood needed to pass hepatitis C on may be very small. You might not even be able to see it. Using a condom while you have anal sex means you’re less likely to get hepatitis C.

Find out more about how to stop yourself from getting hepatitis C


Hepatitis C information for MSM. The Hepatitis C Trust

What You Need To Know: a guide to hepatitis C (booklet). Hepatitis NSW

Updated 13 March 2023