During vaginal and oral sex, it is very unlikely that you would get hepatitis C. However, there is evidence that people who engage in anal sex are at risk of getting hepatitis C. This is because the anus lining is very thin, allowing the virus to get into the bloodstream.

You may also be at risk of hepatitis C if you:

  • engage in fisting
  • have sex during menstruation (a woman’s period)
  • have sex and have cuts or sores near your genital area
  • engage in rough sex practices that could lead to bleeding
  • share sex toys that have not been properly cleaned
  • have sex while using drugs that are injected or snorted
  • share lube pots where blood might be transferred.

Remember, the amount of blood required to transmit hep C may be microscopic and not immediately visible.

Find out more about preventing hepatitis C


The Hepatitis C Trust (2019). Hepatitis C information for MSM. Retrieved from The Hepatitis C Trust.

Hepatitis NSW (2019, November). What You Need To Know: a guide to hepatitis C. Retrieved from Hepatitis NSW.

Updated 20 December 2019